Job discrimination against Indian Muslims up 9% in 15 years
More Indian Muslims face discrimination when accessing salaried jobs and income through self-employment compared to non-Muslims, according to a report by U.K.-based independent charitable organizations.
In rural areas, unemployment among Muslims increased by 17% compared to non-Muslims during the first quarter of the COVID-19 pandemic, bringing the rural Muslim unemployment rate to 31.4%, Oxfam stated in its "India Discrimination Report 2022," which was released on Thursday.
Self-employed non-Muslims earn 15,878 Indian rupees on average, while self-employed Muslims earn 11,421 Indian rupees despite their overrepresentation in urban self-employment. This means non-Muslims are earning one-third more than Muslims in self-employment.
The report said the Muslim population in urban India is mostly engaged in self-employment compared to other communities, largely because of the low-quality family professions and related difficulties in finding other options in the labor market.
"Marginalized communities are still visibly afflicted by discrimination as a result of their socio-religious and gender identities. Globally, the discussion around discrimination is based on racial inequities. Closer home, in India, discrimination is based on the gender, religion and caste location of individuals," said Amitabh Behar, CEO of Oxfam India.