EU criticizes Greece over migrant deportations
The European Union’s top migration official told Greece on Thursday to stop “violent” deportations of migrants or risk losing funds.
After becoming one of the main destination points during the migration crisis of 2015, Athens has hardened its policy in the past year by increasing land and sea patrols, extending a border fence and building camps with much stricter security on its islands near Turkey.
According to reuters and ekathimerini.com, Greece has repeatedly denied accusations of so-called pushbacks of asylum-seekers, saying it intercepts boats at sea to protect its own and the European Union’s borders.
“Protecting EU external border from illegal entry is an obligation. Violent and illegal deportations of migrants must stop, now,” said Home Affairs Commissioner Ylva Johansson said after meeting Greek government ministers.
“Funding is linked to EU fundamental rights being correctly applied,” she added.
In an address to EU lawmakers on Monday, Greek Migration Minister Notis Mitarakis said the EU also needed to do more to ensure boats were not crossing over from Turkey, with which Greece regularly trades barbs over migration and other issues.
The influx of migrants from the Middle East and Africa in 2015 overwhelmed the bloc’s social and security capacities.
The number of arrivals had fallen sharply since then, but in recent weeks, Greek authorities said they had stopped a significant number of people from entering.
Around 47,000 people arrived by sea to Italy, Greece, Spain, Cyprus and Malta so far this year, the UN refugee agency UNHCR said. The Mediterranean countries expect over 150,000 arrivals this year as food shortages caused by the Ukraine conflict threaten increased arrivals from Africa and the Middle East.